The Colonial History of Jamaica
An Insight

subscribe here if new
Custom Search




The Colonial History of Jamaica,
Contributed by Tamekia Kentish
8/17/08

The Tainos were the first recorded inhabitants of Jamaica. They settled here relatively peacefully until the beautiful Caribbean island saw its first European visitor - the Spaniards, in 1494.

colonial_history_of_jamaica

[selected pictures from flickr]

By the way, the Tainos were gentle fishers and farmers who were contented with a simple way of life. They are believed to be of South American ancestry and arrived in the Caribbean, primarily, in the search for food.

The Spaniards, led by Christopher Columbus and his crew, had set out from Spain on their second voyage to the New World, when they found the shores of this beautiful island they named Jamaica.

Although they arrived in Jamaica in 1494, it was not until 1509 that Juan de Esquivel arrived from Santa Domingo and established settlements.

They entered the north end of Jamaica at St. Ann and built their first town called Sevilla Nueva, or New Seville. Later they travelled to the south and developed Jago de la Vega (St. James of the Plain), which at present is known in the island as Spanish Town.

Further settlements such as Liguanea, Guanaboa, Esquivel (Old Harbour), Passage Fort, Oristan (Bluefields) and Ayala (Yallahs) were established. Names such as Rio Minho and the Rio Cobre have survived the changes in Jamaica’s leadership.

It appears that Spain seemed to lack vision for the island initially; as such, it was not properly used for all the benefits that it could have yielded them. The main employment came from ship building and repairs.

The tainos were brutally treated, in fact, they were not seen as equal to the spaniards are were enslaved. Many, being foreign to these practices, died soon after while others took their own lives; even their babies were killed.

In acts of infanticide, the Tainos thought it better to take the lives of their children than have them live as slaves. The Spanish colony of Jamaica was considered a financial burden to Spain. Thus, Spain bought the first slaves for Jamaica in 1517.

In 1655, the British, led by Admiral Penn and General Venables, having failed to capture Hispaniola, arrived in Jamaica at the Kingston Harbour and captured the island from Spain.

Spain had surrendered without much resistance. Britain claimed the island as a colony formally in 1661.

Britain was able to accomplish what the Spanish could not; they made Jamaica prosperous. Their first bid at stirring interest to the island was to offer attractive land grants to British citizens. Thus, by 1664 Sir Thomas Modyford brought over 1000 British settlers and slaves to Jamaica.

As a British colony, Jamaica flourished in agriculture. Products like cacao, coffee and pimento all did well, but sugarcane was the king crop.

With the growth of sugarcane plantations went the growth of the slave trade. The massive economic benefits of slavery are believed by many to have been the major force behind Britain’s Industrial Revolution.

Britain considered the slaves no higher than they would their cows or goats. As a result of this, over 1 million slaves were estimated to have been transported from Africa to Jamaica.

This horrendous slave trade was finally abolished in 1807 and full Emancipation of the British slaves was realized on August 1, 1834.

At this time Britain established a system of Apprenticeship in which slaves’ children under the age of 6 years old and those born after this date were free. However, those over this age would be apprentices for 4-6 years.

After years of struggling against British (colonial) rule, Jamaica rallied to gain it's Independence on August 6, 1962.Jamaica was no longer a Spanish or British colony; it was now guided only by the will of its people and carried out by its publicly elected officials.

How effective the leadership has been since then though is probably for another discussion :-)

Take a look at the history of Jamaica page which captures important dates and events in Jamaica's history.

colonial_history_of_jamaica_maroons

Back to Top of Colonial History of Jamaica

And please don't miss these exciting pages either:

Make sure you subscribe to my free monthly e-zine My Island Jamaica Digest (MIJD) and stay with the latest from Jamaica!

Back to Top of Colonial History of Jamaica

Return to Culture of Jamaica from Colonial History of Jamaica
Return to My Island Jamaica Homepage from Colonial History of Jamaica

Thanks For Reading!
Like What You Just Read?

Great Articles You Might Have Missed

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

And Before You Go!

You are welcome to join my special friends list and receive exclusive updates (like this), tips, trivia and stories from lovers of Jamaica! Just enter...

Also connect with My-Island-Jamaica.com on Social Media: 
Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Youtube

Thank You!

Need Help?

We have a cherry list of top Jamaican companies that might be able to help you. Please click here to see them, our preferred partners and site sponsors.

copyscpe
Top Of Page
Wellesley Gayle

What's New? Click Here And See

New!  I've created a Welcome Audio. Just click the Play button below to listen.

Please subscribe here to get my latest updates.

SEARCH THE SITE



Site Sponsors

jamaica_click_down_here_visit_our_sponsors

Our Preferred Sponsors (below)

(Our Sponsorship Policy)

Luna Sea Inn
Luna Sea Inn Photographers in Jamaica
Wedding Photographers
Jamaican Souvenirs
Best Jamaican Souvenirs Cars For Sale In Jamaica
Cars For Sale

Click Here to Visit Our Sponsors' Page

Did You Miss These?

What's New?

Below is a list of the very latest articles I posted on the site.

Recent Articles

  1. Best Vacation Villas In Jamaica - And A Recommendation

    Jun 22, 17 12:21 AM

    I'll share with you the best villas in Jamaica - and then I'll share a little one bowled me over

    Read More

  2. My First Encounter With Dreadlocks

    Jun 21, 17 03:00 PM

    I enjoyed Rosemarie Gordon's article on the history of Jamaican dreadlocks. It brought back many poignant memories for me of my early life in Jamaica.

    Read More

  3. The red flowering tree seen growing in Jamaica

    Jun 21, 17 12:17 AM

    QUESTION:. What is the name of the red flowering tree seen growing in Jamaica? ANSWER:by Wellesley Gayle Hi Vaughn, I think you are speaking of the

    Read More

  4. THANK YOU for an awesome site!

    Jun 21, 17 12:14 AM

    Just wanted you to know I found your site to be a invaluable tool in helping my daughter with her school project on Jamaica. THANK YOU for an awesome

    Read More