Marcus Garvey,
The Freedom Fighter

subscribe here if new
Custom Search




"Up, you mighty race, accomplish what you will." - Marcus Garvey

marcus garvey, hero of jamaica

From an early age, my own family members called me Marcus Mosiah Garvey (pet name is Mark). I had no idea what it meant, except that I felt it was an expression of love and affection towards me.

It was not until my late primary (prep) school years that I realized how powerful this esteemed man was.

Jamaica's first, of seven national heroes, Marcus was born in St. Ann's Bay on August 17, 1887. His father, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr., was a mason and his mother, Sarah Jane Richards, a domestic worker and farmer. Of his eleven siblings, only Garvey and his sister, Indiana, reached maturity.

In his youth Garvey migrated to Kingston where he worked as a printer and later published a small paper "The Watchman".

During his career Garvey traveled extensively throughout many countries observing the poor working and living conditions of black people.

In 1914 he started the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Jamaica. The UNIA, which grew into an international organization, encouraged self-government for black people worldwide; self-help economic projects and protest against racial discrimination.

In 1916, Garvey went to the USA where he preached his doctrine of freedom to the oppressed blacks throughout the country.

However, USA officials disapproved of his activities and he was imprisoned, then deported.

Back in Jamaica in 1927, he continued his political activity, forming the People's Political Party in 1929, He was unsuccessful in national elections but won a seat on the Kingston and St. Andrew Council (KSAC).

But the world of the 1930s was not ready for Garvey's progressive ideas. He left Jamaica again, this time for England where he died in 1940.

His death came after a stroke, apparently after reading a mistaken, and negative, obituary of himself in the Chicago Defender. His body was brought back home in 1964 and buried in the National Heroes Park in Kingston.

Three of his most admired quotes are:

  1. "Whatsoever things common to man, that man has done, man can do."
  2. "Up, you mighty race, accomplish what you will."
  3. "A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots."

Garvey is best remembered as an important proponent of the Back-to-Africa movement, which encouraged those of African descent to return to their ancestral homelands.

This movement would eventually inspire other movements, including the Rastafarian movement, which proclaims Garvey to be a prophet. Garvey said he wanted those of African ancestry to "redeem" Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave it.

His legacy can be summed up in the philosophy he taught - race pride, the need for African unity; self-reliance; the need for black people to be organized and for rulers to govern on behalf of the working classes.

So you see why I am proud to include him in my top 30 list of famous Jamaicans. Please also visit my page on the national heroes of Jamaica for information on the other heroes.

For an entire feature on Marcus Garvey, take a look at this page.

Return to Famous People from Jamaica from Marcus Garvey
Return to My Island Jamaica Homepage from Marcus Garvey

Related Pages

Didn't find exactly what you were looking for?
Click Here to do a quick search of the entire site

Like What You Read?

If so, please join my special friends list and receive exclusive monthly updates, tips, trivia and stories from lovers of Jamaica!

PLUS get a FREE COPY of my eBook, 101 Intriguing Facts About Jamaica! Just enter your email & name below:

copyscpe

It's Your Turn!  :-)

I want to hear from you, yes YOU.
Please click here to get started, right now.

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.
Top Of Page

SEARCH THE SITE



Site Sponsors

(Our Sponsorship Policy)

Rocky's Taxi And Tours Service

Rocky's Taxi & Tours Service


Maura Watson-
Jamaica Real Estate Services


Jam Water Sports

Click Here to Visit Our Sponsors' Page

Tips & Tricks For Your Jamaica Vacation!

Jamaica Travel Guide

Click Here To Get Your Copy

Recent Articles

  1. My Jamaican Dream

    Sep 18, 14 11:14 AM

    Hi, I was just here reminiscing and wondering if I will make my dream to live and be a part of the same Jamaican dream, when I read your page. I needed

    Read More

  2. Jimmy Buffett Jamaica Songs - Jamaica Mistaica & Jamaica Farewell Lyrics

    Sep 17, 14 10:57 PM

    Lyrics and audio of Jimmy Buffett Jamaica mistaica and Jamaica farewell songs

    Read More

  3. A Rich Jamaican Coffee Experience

    Sep 16, 14 12:02 AM

    Last week, I received an interesting message via my 'contact me' link on my website. It was from (yet) another ardent fan of My-Island-Jamaica.com. This

    Read More


What Makes Jamaica Special?

Sports
Food
Reggae
People
Blue Mountain Coffee
Beaches
Other

Please enter the word that you see below.

  


Resources


Learn Jamaican Language - The Easy Way!

Click Here To Get A Copy

Do Like I Did, Start YOUR Own Business
- Part-Time! Click Here


Friendly Links


  1. Our Partners & Friends
  2. Catcha Falling Star Villas
  3. Wade Hilton Jamaican Author
  4. The Jamaica Real Estate Guide
  5. Medicinal Herbs-4u.com
  6. DancehallReggaeWorld.com
Interested in becoming a partner? email me here

Stay In Touch



Buy Me A Drink


(Click on the drink below)