Important Dates And Events In Jamaica's History
I went to a local cyber cafe recently and realized that a number of students were actually looking for these - important (key) events and dates in the history of Jamaica.
What does that mean?
Yup! Time to research and provide this information!
And I did!
So now I provide you with just that...
Fifteen (15) of the most important events in our country's history leading up to Independence in 1962.
- 1494- Christopher Columbus discovered the island.
- 1509- The Spaniards occupied the country and remained in possession for 146 years.
- 1655- The English captured the island from the Spaniards and colonized the territory.
- 1692- Port Royal, which had become the focal point of the pirates plundering the Caribbean and Central America, was destroyed by earthquake and Kingston became subsequently the chief city and port.
- 1838- Slaves were emancipated and the economy foundered due to the crisis on the plantations.
- 1848- Britain’s free trade policy led to a further deterioration in the Jamaican economy because sugar protection was lifted and Jamaican sugar was in competition with cheaper sugar from elsewhere.
- 1865- The Morant Bay Rebellion broke out after prolonged disputes between the planters and the settlers.
- 1866- Crown Colony Government replaced the old system of representative government.
- 1870- An export trade in bananas replaced the predominance of sugar and restored the island’s economy.
- 1944- Universal adult suffrage was introduced under the new Constitution and proved to be the first step in the gradual move toward independence.
- 1953- A full ministerial system was established.
- 1958- Jamaica joined the Federation of the West Indies, which was an association of 10 British Island territories in which Jamaica and Trinidad were the largest.
- 1959- The country was granted full internal self-government.
- 1961- Jamaica voted in a Referendum to secede from the Federation of the West Indies and to achieve Independence.
- 1962- The Federation was dissolved and Jamaica became independent on August 6th.
That's a lot for a little country, isn't it?
Be sure to read more on the history of Jamaica here