Manchester Jamaica
Jamaica's 'Wash Belly' Parish

Sharing Is Caring! Share this awesome content with your friends now.

start_here_if_new_image_link

Don't Risk your vacation! Use a trusted and dependable tour guide!

Custom Search





parish of manchester jamaicaMap Showing Parish Of Manchester Jamaica

The last (hence the term 'wash belly') parish to be formed in Jamaica, Manchester Jamaica, has an area of 830.1 km2, and a population of 191,991, based on 2018 report by the Statistical Institute Of Jamaica.

It was coffee cultivation that led to its creation in 1814 and the founding of the town, its capital, Mandeville.

New! See the real Jamaica in VIDEOS

Click Here to visit and subscribe to my YouTube channel -you'll love it!


Up to the early 18th century, the hilly areas that make up the parish were large‘y in wilderness. Then coffee cultivation was begun on a large scale and the Manchester hills were found to be particularly suitable for the crop. Soon the area became populated with coffee growers.

However, the new residents found themselves isolated from the surrounding parish capitals.

On 29 November 1814 the residents of Mile Gully, May Day, and Carpenter’s Mountain, petitioned the Assembly to carve out a new parish and establish a town that would make religious, judicial and civic centres closer to them.

That petition pointed out that no parochial or public building was closer than 64km to the majority of inhabitants of the area and there was no church!

On the 13th of December, 1814, the separate parish of Manchester was formed out of parts of the surrounding parishes of St. Elizabeth, Clarendon, and Vere, and named after the Duke of Manchester  who was governor at the time.

The chief town of Mandeville was named after his eldest son. More on Mandeville here.

Since sugar was not grown commercially in the parish of Manchester, the plantation system never took hold there. After emancipation, the newly freed slaves became independent land settlers and continued to grow coffee and other crops. (See free villages.)

Manchester today produces much of Jamaica’s Irish potato crop as well as Citrus, Cattle, and Ground provisions.It is also one of the parishes in which bauxite is mined on a large scale.

The Train Wreck :-(

Despite its economic contirbution to the country, Manchester Jamaica also has the dubious distinction of the Kendal train wreck!

On Septemer 1, 1957, a train returing to Kingston from Montego Bay crashed, injuring close to 700 persons and killing close to 200 - one of the worst disasters in Jamaica's history and one of the worst railway crashes in the world!

The excursion was organized by the St. Anne Anglican Church in Kingston.

Historical Sites & Attractions In Manchester Jamaica

Despite that, Manchester is home to some of Jamaica's most cherished heritage sites and attractions.

These include:

  • St. Mark's Anglican Church (aka Manchester Parish Church)

    The church opened its doors in 1820. The chapel and timber clerestory and tower were added later. For many years this was the only church in the parish. One rector was the notorious Revd Bridges. 

    In the slave rebellion of 1832, led Sam Sharpe, the organ loft was reportedly used as a jail. Nonconformist missionaries were believed by the authorities to be implicated in the rebellion and many of them were arrested including the Rev H.G. Pfeiffer, a Moravian.

    The Mandeville jail was so full he was locked in the organ loft to await a court martial. In the meantime, a sympathetic person galloped all over the parish collecting character witnesses on his behalf and they were rushed to the trial in time to secure his acquittal.

  • The Mandeville Court House

    A fine example of indigenous architecture. It is build of Limestone blocks cut by slave labour. The courthouse was one of the four original public buildings of the town and took some time to complete because of the vestrymen kept changing their minds about the design.

    It was finished around 1820. The first school in the town was held in the ground floor.

  • The Mandeville Hotel

    The building was originally the barracks when Mandeville was a garrison for English troops. Many of these troops died in a yellow fever outbreak and were buried in the eastern part of the Parish Church yard.

    In the 18903, after the garrison had departed, the building became a hotel called the Waverley. When Miss Jane Brooks took over in 1898, it became Brooks Hotel and finally was known as the Mandeville Hotel.

    It became the centre of social life for British retirees in Manchester, as well as for white Jamaicans from the area, during the first half of the 20th century.

    Unfortunately, an unwritten colour bar existed there for years, enforced by various dowagers whose keen training for genetic markers could allegedly pick out any newcomer of dubious origin.

Other Key Historical Sites In Manchester

Other key historical sites in Machester Jamaica include:


  1. Maidstone– one of the first communities to become a free village, orchestrated by the  Nazareth  Moravian  Church.

  2. The Bloomfield  Great  House

  3. Marlborough  Great  House - built in 1795 and designed  by  a  Scottish architect named  Forsyth.

  4. Roxborough - the birthplace of Norman Washington Manley, one of Jamaica's national heroes.

  5. Manchester  Club  Golf  Course -  The  oldest  surviving  club  in  the  western  hemisphere.

  6. Williamsfield Railway Station – with its Georgian architectural style.

  7. Mandeville Jail and Workhouse –  one of the the first  buildings  erected  in  the  parish! Located of the current police station.

  8. And, The Mandeville Rectory

You have received :-)
Now share you new found knowledge with your friends!

You might like these as well

References:

  • Parish Profile: Manchester, https://jis.gov.jm/information/parish-profiles/parish-profile-manchester/ (Link) 
  • History of Manchester, https://www.nlj.gov.jm/history-notes/History%20of%20Manchester.pdf
  • Manchester Parish, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_Parish

Other Pages Related To Manchester Jamaica

Return to Parishes Of Jamaica from Manchester Jamaica
Return to My Island Jamaica from Manchester Jamaica

New! Talk To Me
Was the information helpful? Something needs changing? I welcome your feedback here.

Read More ...

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Recommended For You ...

And, Before You Go!

Here (below) are some sweet deals on matching products at Amazon that you might have otherwise missed. 

Amazon.com, by the way, is the internet's most reputable retailer and usually showcases only the best products that are related to your search. Be sure to check them out.

Note: If link does not show, please click here to be redirected to our page at Amazon.com.


Great Articles You Might Have Missed

data-matched-content-rows-num="2" data-matched-content-columns-num="3"

Please help me get the message out by sharing this article with your friends on social media (links below). Thnx ;-)

Also connect with My-Island-Jamaica.com on Social Media: 
Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Youtube

Thank You!

P.S. Didn't find exactly what you were looking for? Still need help?

Click Here to try our dependable and effective Site Search tool. It works!

Or, simply click here and here, to browse my library of over 500 questions and answers! Chances are someone already asked (and got an answer to) your question.


About The Author

wellesley gayle - booking link

A patriotic Jamaican who adores his culture, Wellesley has been using this medium to share what he calls 'the uniqueness of Jamaica with the world' since April 2007.  

To date, he serves over 9,300 unique readers / viewers per day.

His efforts have earned him featured positions in local publications, including the Jamaica Gleaner's Hospitality Jamaica, Carlong Publishers, as well as recognition from numerous prestigious international agencies and universities.

He invites you to join his friends list and stay updated on all the latest. You are also invited to join his exclusive patron community

copyscpe
Top Of Page
Wellesley Gayle

New Here?

I recommend you START HERE to enjoy the best of this website!


What's New?

Click Here to see the VERY latest articles and features.


Trending Now

Site Sponsors

jamaica_click_down_here_visit_our_sponsors

Our Preferred Sponsors  & Friends (below)

(Our Sponsorship Policy)

Best Jamaican Tour Guide
TOUR GUIDE Builders in Jamaica - Building Contractors
JAMAICAN BUILDER Photographers in Jamaica
PHOTOGRAPHER
Cars For Sale In Jamaica
Cars For Sale
NEW! JOIN MY PATREON COMMUNITY! Click Here For Details.

JamaicaSunshine Tours.com

Click Here to Visit Our Sponsors' Page

Top Articles

What's New?

Below is a list of the very latest articles I posted on the site.

Recent Articles

  1. Items Jamaicans Want as Gifts

    Nov 13, 19 04:28 PM

    Question: What Are The Items Jamaicans Want As Gifts? My mother was born and raised in Kingston, but has been living in the states for the last 30 years.

    Read More

  2. Flow Jamaica Contact | I need to pay my bills!

    Nov 13, 19 04:13 PM

    Technology is great, isn't it? Well yes, if it works. If not, It can drive the daylight out of of you! Which is exactly the case here. Here is Priscilla's

    Read More

  3. Parents Marriage Certificate In Jamaica - How Do I Apply?

    Nov 13, 19 02:43 PM

    A great clarification question on applying for marriage certificate in Jamaica! Here is Sam's question... with my response below. Hello Wellesley Thank

    Read More

  4. The Jamaica Postal Code System | The Current State

    Nov 12, 19 09:38 PM

    The internet has heralded a renewed call for an efficient Jamaica postal code system. But what is the current state? Here is exactly what you need to know.

    Read More

New!  I've created a Welcome Audio. Just click the Play button below to listen.

Please subscribe here to get my latest updates.