The Population of Jamaica
Population of Jamaica, contributed by Coleen Clarke
According to the Statistical Institute of Jamaica, Jamaica’s population stood at an estimated 2,728,864, as at December 2017, the most populated country in the Caribbean.
The female/ male ratio is 1,377,472 females vs 1,351,392 males, that's 49.5% male and 50.5% female.
New! 2017 Population Data
The breakdown was as follows at December 2017:
- 0 yrs -1.2%
- 1 yrs -1.3%
- 2 yrs -1.4%
- 3 yrs -1.3%
- 4 yrs -1.3%
- 0–4 yrs -6.5%
- 5 yrs -1.4%
- 6 yrs -1.4%
- 7 yrs -1.5%
- 8 yrs -1.5%
- 9 yrs -1.5%
- 5–9 yrs -7.3%
- 10 yrs -1.5%
- 11 yrs -1.6%
- 12 yrs -1.6%
- 13 yrs -1.6%
- 14 yrs -1.6%
- 10–14 yrs -7.8%
- 15 yrs -1.6%
- 16 yrs -1.7%
- 17 yrs -2.0%
- 18 yrs -1.8%
- 19 yrs -1.8%
- 15–19 yrs -8.9%
- 20 yrs -1.9%
- 21 yrs -2.0%
- 22 yrs -2.1%
- 23 yrs -2.1%
- 24 yrs -1.9%
- 20–24 yrs -10.0%
- 25–29 yrs -9.0%
- 30–34 yrs -8.0%
- 35–39 yrs -6.9%
- 40–44 yrs -6.2%
- 45–49 yrs -6.3%
- 50–54 yrs -5.7%
- 55–59 yrs -4.9%
- 60–64 yrs -3.7%
- 65–69 yrs -2.9%
- 70–74 yrs -2.2%
- 75 & over yrs -3.6%
- Total - 100%
Source: Statistical Institute Of Jamaica: http://statinja.gov.jm/Demo_SocialStats/newEndofYearPopulationbyAgeandSex2008.aspx
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Population Of Jamaica, By Labour Force 2018
About 80% of babies
born in Jamaica are born to teenage mothers. There is an estimated
20.04 births per 1,000 and the fertility rate is an estimated 2.3
children born per woman. In addition, the population growth rate is an estimated 0.779%.
of deaths in Jamaica are as a result of crime and violence and the
victims are mainly young males. Over 1500 persons died as a result of
crime and violence in 2007.
An estimated 900 persons died from
HIV/ AIDS in 2003. The death rate is an estimated 6.37 deaths per 1,000
and the infant mortality rate is 15.57 deaths per 1,000 live births.
The life expectancy rate is an estimated 71.88 years for males and 75.38
years for females.
Jamaican population consists of three main ethnic groups – Black, East
Indian, and White. The other ethic groups include Chinese, Lebanese and
Blacks account for 90% of the population, the White
0.4%, the East Indian – 1.5% and 7.3 % of the population is multiracial.
Despite the population of Jamaica being dominantly black, the people are bonded by
the country’s motto "Out of many, one people".
Chinese came to Jamaica in the 1800s as indentured labourers shortly
after the abolition of slavery in 1834 to suffice the labour market.
with their labour skills, the Chinese took with them their
entrepreneurial skills as well as their kitchen craft. The patties we
all love today were inspired by the Chinese.
Today, you can find grocery shops, haberdasheries or supermarkets owned by a Chinese all around the island. Additionally, the chain restaurants, Juici Patties and Tastee Patties are owned by Chinese or Chinese descendants.
The East Indians
East Indians also came to Jamaica as indentured labourers. Today the
East Indians are operators of boutiques, duty free shops and jewelry
stores mainly in the resort towns and cities (Montego Bay, Negril, Ocho
Rios and Kingston).
original whites or Caucasians in Jamaica were the owners and masters of
the slaves in Jamaica, and most were originally from Europe.
the abolition of slavery, many of them remained and continued running
their sugar estates. One such family was the Lawsons, who owned and
operated the Sugar Estate in Hampden, Trelawny.
groups of people are a mixed, usually between black and white. Many of
the offspring were produced during slavery, as the 'Bakra' (master)
would sleep with the young slave women.
A prominent offspring of this group was one of our national heroes – George William Gordon, whose mother was a slave. Bob Marley was one of those as well.
We Jamaicans are said to be among the warmest and friendliest people in the world. Nicknamed the sprint factory of the Caribbean, Jamaica has been consistently producing world class athletes for over 40 years.
Cameron, Donald Quarrie, George Rhoden, Herbert McKenley, Arthur Wint,
Merlene Ottey, Veronica Campbell, Asafa Powell and Usain Bolt are just a
few of the names that have brought Jamaica fame. We are a strong
people, brilliant, athletic, resourceful and resilient.
likkle but wi tallawah'.
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