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Reviewed By Tracie Blake
Our beautiful island is blessed with an abundance of lush greenery and rolling country sides. Amid this greenery is an array of beautiful flowers, many of which are indigenous to the island.
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In fact, according to C.D. Adams, over 3000 species of flowering plants have been discovered in Jamaica. 'Amoung those well represented are orchids, accounting for over 230 species.
Today though, I'll be looking at some of the most popular as well as showing you pictures of some of the most beautiful we have.
Among these are:-
- The Lignum Vitae (Guaiacum officinal)
This is the National Flower of Jamaica and was discovered here by Christopher Columbus. It has medicinal qualities and was used over the years in home remedies. It grows best in dry areas which are typically along the North and South Coast and blooms a beautiful blue flower.
- Poinciana (Delonix regia)
The Poinciana is a beautiful fern-like flower. Its blooms are in red flowers but there are varieties which bloom orange and yellow flowers. Typically, blooming season ends in September.
- Hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa)
This Hibiscus is a very common flower in Jamaica. Its branches and leaves are a deep green and it blooms a variety of flowers in red, deep red, yellow, pink and white. It is a vigorous grower and can be seen in almost every yard in Jamaica.
- Flamenco Dwarf Mix (Kniphofia uvaria)
This flower is small in growth stature hence the name “Dwarf”. It does not grow higher than 3 feet but it blooms some absolutely gorgeous flowers in yellow, orange and fiery red. It blooms very early and starts blooming within a month of growth. Its small stature allows it to be used as a cut flower which makes it easy for floral arrangements and it has a long shelf life.
- Kiss Me Over the Garden (Polygonum orientale)
is a garden flower that is exotic and beautiful. It is used as a
center piece or planted along walls as the flower hangs from its branches.
The flower is stringy and resembles a cat’s tail in a rose colour
shade. There is also another species of this flower which grows in a
light shade of pink.
- Heliconia (Heliconia bihai aurea)
are red, yellow and orange flowers with a firm exterior. They are
beautifully angled on the stalk in an upward outward direction. Their
leaves are large and they make a perfect addition to floral
arrangements. They have a lifespan of up to 1 month outside of water.
- Sandalwood Bramble (Rubus rosaefolius)
This is an evergreen shrub whose survival depends on it being pollinated by bees. This
flower prefers sandy and clay-like soil for rapid growth. Its survival
is very high as it thrives in shaded woodlands and moist soil. Its
leaves are a bright glistening shade of green.
- Fern (Crinum paludosum)
Fern is not a flowering plant but its beautiful green star-like shape
makes it a home favourite. It also has a tenacious ability to flourish
in damp soil and in direct contact with the rays of the sun. It is
believed to bring good luck to persons who possess it.
- Jamaican Orchids (Dendrophylax funalis/Oncidium triquetrum)
This flower grows on barks and branches
of hard trees. It survives by absorbing the moisture and other
nutrients from the tree. It grows in clusters of 4 or 5 stalks
sprouting flowers that are round, flat and red. Its petals are wide and
fans outward with a flat ruffled tip dripping with a hint of yellow.
- Blue Mahoe (Paritium elatum)
Blue Mahoe is the National Tree of Jamaica. It boasts a fast growth
extending up to 60 feet. It has a straight hard trunk which when cut
shows you a beautiful hue of blue streaks under the bark. Its flowers
are a beautiful turquoise blue and flails outward.
- Arnatto/Annatto (Bixa orellana)
This is a flower
that blooms in white and bears a fruit which is even more beautiful.
It is in a spiked shell which turns maroon red when ripened. This is
cut open to reveal a cluster of red juicy, sweet and peppery fruit. This
fruit is used to add flavour to local dishes and to enhance colours on
the lips. It is sometimes referred to as "the lipstick" flower/tree.
are some of the flowers that are indigenous to Jamaica, however the
island boasts a vast variety of other flowers which thrive perfectly due
to our tropical climate. There include Wild Flowers, Logwood, Passion
Flower, Morning Glory, Roses and Daisies.
Here are pictures of a few of some of our most strikingingly beautiful Jamaican flowers.
[selected pictures from flickr]
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Pages Related To Jamaican Flowers
References For Jamaican Flowers
- Senior, Olive, Encylopedia of Jamaican Heritage,
- Black, Clinton V. History Of Jamaica, 2005
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Return to Plants and Animals in Jamaica from Jamaican Flowers
Return to My Island Jamaica Homepage from Jamaican Flowers
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A patriotic Jamaican who adore its culture, Wellesley has been using this medium to share what he calls 'the uniqueness of Jamaica with the world' since April 2007.
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